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2

'Early to bed' may curb negative thoughts

from MNTanxiety - 29 Dec 14

By now, most of us are aware of how important it is to get a good night's sleep. But a new study suggests going to bed late may contribute to repetitive negative thinking.



2

How brain uses timing during motor activity revealed by birdsong study

from MNTneuro - 13 Dec 14

Timing is key for brain cells controlling a complex motor activity like the singing of a bird, finds a new study published by PLOS Biology.



3

Type 2 diabetes risk may be influenced by blood type

from MNThaem - 22 Dec 14

An individual's blood type may affect their risk of developing type 2 diabetes; people with blood group O are at lowest risk of the condition, according to a new study.



2

Banked Blood Cells Lose Functionality Over Time

from JAMA - 05 Nov 14

Stored red blood cells retain their shape, mass, and hemoglobin content over time, but the membranes eventually become stiffer and less elastic, making them less capable of transporting oxygen through capillaries (Bhaduri B et al. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6211).



2

Navigation and location can occur without external cues

from MNTneuro - 30 Oct 14

Researchers from The University of Queensland have identified the amount of information the brain needs in order to navigate and accurately estimate location.



2

Risk of ruptured appendix for young children increased by poor access to general surgeons

from MNTgastro - 30 Oct 14

Delayed treatment for appendicitis can often lead to a ruptured appendix. That's exactly what is more likely to happen to many children in North Carolina if they have to delay getting treatment...



2

Early Signs of Pancreatic Cancer

from JAMA - 05 Nov 14

Scientists who analyzed blood samples collected over time from 1500 participants in large prospective studies reported that elevated levels of branched-chain amino acids were linked with increased odds of developing pancreatic cancer (Mayers JR et al. Nat Med. doi:10.1038/nm.3686 [published online September 28, 2014]). The strongest association was observed among patients with samples collected 2 to 5 years before cancer diagnosis. The research team included investigators at Dana-Farber Cancer I



2

Text messaging could motivate Latino adults to exercise

from MNTcvs - 30 Oct 14

Latino adults at risk of heart disease exercise more after receiving motivational text messages five days a week, a pilot study suggests.Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affects 13.



2

Expectant mothers with epilepsy face tough choices over their medication

from MNTepilepsy - 30 Oct 14

A new study published in The Cochrane Library, highlights the difficult decisions women with epilepsy have to face when they become pregnant.



2

Anesthesia Technique and Outcomes After Hip Fracture Surgery—Reply

from JAMA - 05 Nov 14

In Reply Our study evaluated the association between anesthesia technique and outcome among patients with hip fracture, observing an indeterminate effect of anesthesia technique on 30-day mortality and a shorter inpatient length of stay with regional anesthesia.



2

Cardiac Assessment Before Stem Cell Transplantation for Systemic Sclerosis—Reply

from JAMA - 05 Nov 14

In Reply Dr Burt and colleagues emphasize the importance of extensive cardiopulmonary screening before undertaking autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with severe systemic sclerosis. When the ASTIS trial was launched in 2001, phase 1/2 data indicated that patients with systemic sclerosis and a mean pulmonary arterial pressure greater than 50 mm Hg measured by right heart catheterization had an unacceptable risk of treatment-related mortality and were therefore excluded



2

The Lady in Mauve Lyonel Feininger

from JAMA - 05 Nov 14

City living can be treacherous. A misplaced step on an uneven sidewalk can sprain an ankle, bags not held closely are ripe for would-be snatchers, tumultuous winds can turn an umbrella, and a distracted driver can terrorize pedestrians. Day-to-day living can at the very least be inelegant, and at the very worst traumatic. The city can some days get the best of anyone. Yet many artists of the early 20th century looked past these inconveniences to see opportunities for artistic expression. The mo



2

Trial results reveal first targeted treatment to boost survival for oesophageal cancer

from Cancer Research News - 05 Nov 14

Press release Patients with a specific type of oesophageal cancer survived longer when they were given the latest lung cancer drug, according to trial results being presented at the National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) Cancer Conference today (Wednesday). Up to one in six patients with oesophageal cancer were found to have EGFR duplication in their tumour cells and taking the drug gefitinib, which targets this fault, boosted their survival by up to six months, and sometimes beyond. "It’s



2

Scientists trigger self-destruct switch in lung cancer cells

from Cancer Research News - 31 Oct 14

Press release Cancer Research UK scientists have found a drug combination that can trigger the self-destruct process in lung cancer cells - paving the way for new treatments, according to research that will be presented at the National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) Cancer Conference in Liverpool next week*. “Igniting the fuse that causes lung cancer cells to self-destruct could pave the way to a completely new treatment approach." - Professor Henning Walczak. When healthy cells are no longe



2

Aortic valve replacement appears safe, effective in very elderly patients

from MNTcvs - 30 Oct 14

Aortic valve replacement (AVR) can safely be used to treat severe aortic stenosis in patients age 90 years and older and is associated with a low risk of operative stroke and mortality, according...



2

Health experts: perfect storm of diabetes and tuberculosis must be headed off

from MNTdiabetes - 30 Oct 14

The International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union) and the World Diabetes Foundation have released a report calling for international action against a looming co-epidemic of...



2

Solution to 14-year mystery has implications for cancer therapies and drug delivery

from MNToncology - 30 Oct 14

Do blood vessels that feed tumors differ from other blood vessels? Fourteen years ago, experiments designed to answer that question led to the discovery of several genes that are more active in...



2

Improved understanding of glioma may lead to more efficient and specific therapies

from MNToncology - 30 Oct 14

Glioma is a common name for serious brain tumours. Different types of glioma are usually diagnosed as separate diseases and have been considered to arise from different cell types in the brain.



2

Less invasive robotically assisted bypass surgery reduces complications and recovery time

from MNTcvs - 30 Oct 14

Robotically assisted coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery is a rapidly evolving technology that shortens hospital stays and reduces the need for blood products, while decreasing recovery...



2

Gene 'switches' could predict when breast cancers will spread to the brain

from Cancer Research News - 05 Nov 14

Press release Scientists have found a pattern of genetic ‘switches’ – chemical marks that turn genes on or off - that are linked to breast cancer’s spread to the brain, according to research* presented at the National Cancer Research Institute Cancer Conference in Liverpool today (Wednesday). "Tackling the problem of brain metastases is one of the greatest challenges facing breast cancer researchers" - Dr Abeer Shaaban The researchers, based at the University of Wolverhampton, studied 24 breas



2

Ethical Considerations Surrounding Lethal Injection—Reply

from JAMA - 05 Nov 14

In Reply The report by the Committee of The Constitution Project correctly states that “Doctors and other medical professionals should not be compelled to violate medical ethics,” and former Governor White adds that if there is indeed consensus that no medical personnel could ever ethically participate in executions, then the report should be read as completely prohibiting the use of lethal injection as a method of execution in the United States. The message of our Viewpoint was that there is so



2

Incorrect Labels for Numbers at Risk

from JAMA - 05 Nov 14

In the Original Investigation entitled “Association of Atrial Tissue Fibrosis Identified by Delayed Enhancement MRI and Atrial Fibrillation Catheter Ablation: The DECAAF Study” published in the February 5, 2014, issue of JAMA (2014;311[5]:498-506. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.3), the rows of numbers at risk were incorrectly labeled in Figure 4. The curves in Figure 4 are labeled correctly but underneath the figure, the rows of numbers at risk are incorrectly labeled and should correspond to the order i



2

Artificial Sweeteners May Promote Metabolic Disorders

from JAMA - 05 Nov 14

Mice fed artificial sweeteners for 11 weeks develop glucose intolerance, a precursor to type 2 diabetes, due to alterations in the composition of their gut microbes, researchers from Israel’s Weizmann Institute of Science have reported (Suez J et al. Nature. doi:10.1038/nature13793 [published online September 17, 2014]). Treating the animals with antibiotics abrogated these metabolic effects.



2

Hypertension May Be an Autoimmune Disease

from JAMA - 05 Nov 14

New research suggests that oxidation and inflammation may cause alterations in self-proteins that activate an immune response, leading to blood pressure elevation (Kirabo A et al. J Clin Invest. doi:10.1172/JCI74084 [published online September 17, 2014]).



 

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