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Detecting Down Syndrome Risk - Noninvasive Method Efficient and Accurate

from MNTpaeds - 24 Feb 12

Two studies published online, ahead of the April issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology (AJOG), show that the risk of a fetus having chromosomal abnormalities that cause Down syndrome, and a genetic disorder known as Edwards syndrome, can now be almost precisely be identified by using a noninvasive test on maternal blood that involves a novel biochemical assay...


Previously Unknown Cause Of Epilepsy Revealed By Genome Sequencing

from MNTepilepsy - 27 Feb 12

Only 10 years ago, deciphering the genetic information from one individual in a matter of weeks to find a certain disease-causing genetic mutation would have been written off as science fiction...


Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine Should Be Given To Boys, According To AAP

from MNTpaeds - 28 Feb 12

A recent study, published in the journal Pediatrics , explains that males should be getting the vaccine for human papilloma viruses (HPV), not only females. It is recommended by professionals that young people should start receiving the vaccine around age 11...


Cutaneous B-Cell Neoplasms Mimicking Granulomatous Rosacea or Rhinophyma

from ArchDerm - 01 Jul 12

BackgroundUnlike T-cell neoplasms, B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders have a limited clinical spectrum of skin involvement. Cutaneous B-cell neoplasms mimicking rosacea or rhinophyma are rare.ObservationsWe described 12 patients with B-cell lymphoproliferative neoplasms presenting with a facial eruption clinically mimicking rosacea or rhinophyma. Eleven patients were women; ages ranged from 36 to 81 years. The clinical presentation included small papules on the nose and cheeks and around the e


Study Suggests Underage Drinking Laws Reduce Future Criminal Behavior

from MNTpaeds - 27 Feb 12

Do strict underage drinking laws really have a positive impact on society? A recent study finds that strictly enforcing possession of alcohol under the legal age or PULA (also known as PAULA) laws on teenagers reduces the likelihood that they will engage in alcohol-related crime as adults...


Diagnosing diabetes on admission hyperglycaemia.

from Diabetes abs. - 28 Jan 12

Diagnosing diabetes on admission hyperglycaemia. Heart. 2012 Jan;98(1):3-4 Authors: Qureshi AC, Asherson AP, Grossman AB PMID: 21954227 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Guidelines - Benchmarking Study Triggers Rethink

from MNTcvs - 24 Feb 12

The 2012 Joint European CVD Prevention Guidelines , that will be published at the EuroPRevent 2012 later this year, will be more concise, compact and supported by fewer references, according to Professor Joep Perk, Chairperson of the Task Force of the fifth edition, who states that the aim is to provide guidelines that contain recommendations, which can be readily applied and t...


Can Nerve Growth Factor Gene Therapy Prevent Diabetic Heart Disease?

from MNTdiabetes - 23 Dec 11

Diabetes is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and can reduce blood supply to the heart tissue and damage cardiac cells, resulting in heart failure. New research has investigated if nerve growth factor (NGF) gene therapy can prevent diabetic heart failure and small vascular disease in mice...


Actinic Keratosis Treatment Newly On Prescription

from MNTderm - 18 Mar 12

A new topical gel now available by prescription significantly decreases the amount of time needed to treat actinic keratosis, a skin condition that is a common precursor to skin cancer, according to a multi-center trial led by researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine...


Early Birth Tied To Health Risks In Early Years

from MNTpaeds - 02 Mar 12

A new UK study finds that babies born early, even by just a few weeks, tend to have higher risks of poor health in their early years, compared to those born full term. The study challenges the widely held view that the long term health outcomes for moderate and late preterm babies, even up to 37 or 38 weeks of gestation, are similar to those carried to full term...


Relationship Between the Depth of Facial Wrinkles and the Density of the Retinacula Cutis [Study]

from ArchDerm - 16 Jan 12

Objective  To identify whether there is a relationship between the depth of facial wrinkles and the density of the retinacula cutis in the subcutaneous tissue of the skin. Design  Wrinkle depth was assessed with image analysis on the forehead and the lateral canthus of human cadavers. The density of the retinacula cutis was measured in Azan-Mallory–stained skin sections obtained around the wrinkles. Setting  Gross Anatomy Section, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Med


When bad things happen in the IVF lab

from Dr and Patient - 17 Dec 11

Most patients are pretty clueless about what goes on in the IVF lab.Sadly, many doctors are equally clueless too and they leave everything upto the embryologist. While this works very well when you have a full time experienced expert embryologist, the sad truth is that not all IVF labs and IVF embryologists are upto the mark. While many are extremely hard working , talented scientists, others are poorly trainedThus, some will use shortcuts, such as using donor sperm because they do not know h


Cardiac Structure and Function as Predictors of Mortality in Persons 85 Years of Age.

from Am J Cardiol - 23 Dec 11

Cardiac Structure and Function as Predictors of Mortality in Persons 85 Years of Age. Am J Cardiol. 2011 Dec 19; Authors: Leibowitz D, Stessman-Lande I, Jacobs JM, Cohen A, Ein-Mor E, Stessman J, Gilon D Abstract Individuals aged >85 years are the world's most rapidly growing age group and have a high incidence of cardiovascular mortality. The objective of this study was to prospectively determine the prognosis of abnormal cardiac structure and functi


HPV-Related Head & Neck Cancers Rising, Highest In Middle-Aged White Men

from MNToncology - 01 Apr 12

Research led by Lauren Cole, a public health graduate student, and Dr. Edward Peters, Associate Professor of Public Health and Director of the Epidemiology Program at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans, reports that the incidence of head and neck cancer has risen at sites associated with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection, with the greatest increase among middle-aged white men...


Positive Feedback And Tumorigenesis, A Vicious Circle That Promotes Cell Proliferation

from MNToncology - 23 Dec 11

Cancer cells are essentially immortal. The acquisition of an unlimited capacity to divide the process of immortalization is a central event in the genesis of tumors. Normally, cells are subject to stringent mechanisms which control their proliferation. Together these ensure that pre-malignant cells are induced to enter a senescent, non-dividing state or to undergo apoptosis, i.e. commit suicide...


Likely New Trigger For Epidemic Of Metabolic Syndrome Discovered

from MNTdiabetes - 24 Feb 12

UC Davis scientists have uncovered a key suspect in the destructive inflammation that underlies heart disease and diabetes. The new research shows elevated levels of a receptor present on leucocytes of the innate immune response in people at risk for these chronic diseases...


'The Roadmap To Close The Gap For Vision' - $70 Million Could Save The Sight Of Indigenous Australians

from MNTdiabetes - 24 Feb 12

Presently Indigenous Australians suffer six times the blindness of mainstream Australians and 94 percent of vision loss in Indigenous Australians is unnecessary, preventable or treatable. 'The Roadmap to Close the Gap for Vision' is the first comprehensive framework to 'close the gap' on Indigenous eye health and draws together more than five years extensive research and consultation...


Doctor vs Doctor

from Dr and Patient - 26 Nov 11

It's true that doctors often disagree. This means that patients get confused and frustrated, because they don't know what to do ! After all, if experts cannot agree, what's the poor patient to do ?We need to remember that medicine is not an exact science - it's evolving rapidly, and recent advances can mean that there may be newer ( and better) options to solve a problem.However, the bigger problems is that doctors have large egos - and are very fond of making up their own mind - and then closin


Projected Clinical Outcomes of Glaucoma Screening in African American Individuals [Socioeconomics and Health Services]

from ArchOpht - 12 Mar 12

Objectives  To project the clinical impact of routine glaucoma screening on visual outcomes in middle-aged African American individuals and help guide glaucoma screening policy. Methods  Using data from the Eye Diseases Prevalence Research Group and Baltimore Eye Study, we developed a microsimulation model to project visual outcomes in African American individuals screened for glaucoma under a national screening policy using frequency-doubling technology. We projected the impact of un


Revising The 'Textbook' On Liver Metabolism Offers New Targets For Diabetes Drugs

from MNTdiabetes - 23 Feb 12

A team led by researchers from the Institute for Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism (IDOM) at the Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, has overturned a "textbook" view of what the body does after a meal. The study appears online this week in Nature Medicine, in advance of print publication...


Discovery Could Reduce Chemo's Side Effects

from MNToncology - 13 Mar 12

A team of researchers at Duke University has determined the structure of a key molecule that can carry chemotherapy and anti-viral drugs into cells, which could help to create more effective drugs with fewer effects to healthy tissue...


Pregnancy Rates And Cost Per Pregnancy Improve Linked To Weight Loss Intervention

from MNTpregnancy - 09 May 12

At the 19th European Congress on Obesity in Lyon, France, the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Obesity, Dr Kyra Sim from The Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise and Eating Disorders at the University of Sydney in Australia presented a new study, which shows that weight loss intervention in obese women who undergo fertility treatment subs...


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