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Preventing lung injuries in very premature babies: Current therapies less effective than expected

from MNTpaeds - 17 Aug 13

A neonatologist at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia is the senior author of a large new study that found that current non-invasive techniques for respiratory support are less effective than widely assumed, in reducing the incidence of severe lung injury in very premature infants...


International research team identifies top risk factors for children during influenza pandemic

from MNTpaeds - 15 Aug 13

An international team of pediatric specialists, representing the world's five major pediatric emergency medicine research networks, has identified several crucial risk factors for alerting clinicians to children most susceptible to life-threatening infections from the H1N1 influenza (flu)...


Can dyslexia be diagnosed by MRI brain scan?

from MNTpaeds - 14 Aug 13

Researchers from MIT have discovered a link between the size of a language-processing area of the brain and poor pre-reading skills in kindergartners. This finding, coupled with an MRI technique, could lead the way for an earlier dyslexia diagnosis...


First Real-Life Proof Of Principle That IVF Is Feasible And Effective For Developing Countries

from MNTfertility - 09 Jul 13

A study performed in Belgium has shown that low-cost IVF for developing and poor resource countries is feasible and effective, with delivery rates not much different from those achieved in conventional IVF programmes. This proof-of-principle study, say the investigators, suggests that infertility care may now be "universally accessible"...


'Next Generation Sequencing' For Embryo Selection In IVF Leads To First Successful Birth

from MNTfertility - 09 Jul 13

The first birth has been achieved following the analysis of embryos using a new genome sequencing technique which promises to revolutionise embryo selection for IVF. The technique, which has never before been applied in the screening of embryos, was reported at the annual meeting of ESHRE by Dr Dagan Wells of the NIHR Biomedical Research Centre at the University of Oxford, UK...


High Heart Rate At Rest Signals Higher Risk Of Death Even In Fit Healthy People

from MNTcvs - 16 Apr 13

A high heart rate (pulse) at rest is linked to a higher risk of death even in physically fit, healthy people, suggests research published online in the journal Heart. A resting heart rate - the number of heart beats per minute - is determined by an individual's level of physical fitness, circulating hormones, and the autonomic nervous system...


Multiple Sclerosis, Other Autoimmune Diseases May Be Controlled By Hunger-Spiking Neurons

from MNTneuro - 27 Mar 13

Neurons that control hunger in the central nervous system also regulate immune cell functions, implicating eating behavior as a defense against infections and autoimmune disease development, Yale School of Medicine researchers have found in a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). Autoimmune diseases have been on a steady rise in the United States...


Fighting Necrotizing Enterocolitis With Probiotic-Derived Treatment In Premature Babies

from MNTgastro - 17 Feb 13

"Good" bacteria that live in our intestines have been linked with a variety of health benefits, from fighting disease to preventing obesity...


Breakthrough Enables Mapping Of Elusive 3-D Structure Of Telomerase Enzyme, Key Factor In Cancer, Aging

from MNToncology - 16 Apr 13

Like finally seeing all the gears of a watch and how they work together, researchers from UCLA and UC Berkeley have, for the first time ever, solved the puzzle of how the various components of an entire telomerase enzyme complex fit together and function in a three-dimensional structure...


Remote monitoring after recent hospital discharge in patients with heart failure: a systematic review and network meta-analysis.

from Heart - 18 May 13

Remote monitoring after recent hospital discharge in patients with heart failure: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. Heart. 2013 May 16; Authors: Pandor A, Gomersall T, Stevens JW, Wang J, Al-Mohammad A, Bakhai A, Cleland JG, Cowie MR, Wong R Abstract CONTEXT: Readmission to hospital for heart failure is common after recent discharge. Remote monitoring (RM) strategies have the potential to deliver specialised care and management and may be on


Embryo Screening IVF Breakthrough Produces Baby Connor

from MNTfertility - 08 Jul 13

A couple in the US has had the first IVF baby to be born as a result of a new way of screening embryos that promises to increase the success rate of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and bring down the cost of treatment...


Exercise is smart for your heart - and makes you smarter

from Eurekalert - 29 Oct 12

(Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada) In a new study, previously sedentary adults were put through four months of high-intensity interval training. At the end, their cognitive functions - the ability to think, recall and make quick decisions - had improved significantly.


Very Early Embryonic Development Could Be The Origin Of Congenital Heart Defects

from MNTpaeds - 18 Dec 12

The origins of congenital heart defects could be traced right back to the first stages of embryonic development - according to University of East Anglia (UEA) research. Findings published in the journal PLOS ONE show that the beginnings of important parts of the heart can be traced to very early stages of embryo development. The research has been funded by the British Heart Foundation...


Hemodiafiltration Prolongs Dialysis Patients' Lives

from MNThaem - 17 Feb 13

A technique that removes additional toxins during dialysis may prolong kidney failure patients' lives, according to a clinical trial appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology (JASN). In light of these results, the technique may become standard for dialysis patients...


Call for more urgent sepsis care

from BBC - 12 Sep 13

More must be done to help sepsis patients and save lives, according to a new report from the Health Service Ombudsman.


Air Pollution Tied To Low Birth Weight

from MNTpaeds - 06 Feb 13

A large study spanning four continents finds that babies carried by mothers exposed to air pollution caused by tiny particles in fumes from traffic, heating systems, and coal-fired power stations, are more likely to be of low birth weight. A report on the work, led jointly by Tracey J...


Father's Death Affects Early Adolescents' Futures In Developing World, Says MU Anthropologist

from MNTpsych - 22 Dec 12

A father's death can have long-term effects on a child's later success in life and can be particularly harmful if the father passes away during a child's late childhood or early adolescence, according to new research by a University of Missouri anthropologist...


IVF Treatment Costing Just $250 Uses Simplified Test Tube Technology

from MNTfertility - 09 Jul 13

Researchers in Belgium have developed a low-cost IVF treatment that could make fertility treatment "universally accessible" in poor and developing countries. The study shows that the new technique gives results similar to those achieved through conventional IVF treatment used in developed countries...


The 10 'Best Buys' to combat heart disease, diabetes and stroke in Africa.

from Heart - 18 May 13

The 10 'Best Buys' to combat heart disease, diabetes and stroke in Africa. Heart. 2013 May 16; Authors: Mayosi BM Abstract PMID: 23680892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor antibody attenuates inflammation and decreases mortality in an experimental model of severe sepsis

from Critical Care Forum - 27 May 13

IntroductionSevere sepsis is associated with an unacceptably high rate of mortality. Recent studies revealed elevated levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent angiogenic and vascular permeability factor, in patients with sepsis. There was also an association between VEGF levels and sepsis severity. Here we investigate the effects of an anti-VEGF antibody (Bevacizumab, Bev) in an experimental model of sepsis. Methods: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), murine ce


Alcohol Problems A Greater Risk For College Women Who Act Impulsively When Distressed

from MNTpsych - 10 Nov 12

An increasing number of women entering young adulthood engage in heavy drinking behavior, placing them at risk of developing alcohol use disorders (AUDs) as well as other negative consequences such as sexual assault and physical injuries. Prior research has shown that college students drink more than their non-college peers...


A Clinical Guide On Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus

from MNTobsgyn - 18 Feb 13

Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, has announced the publication of a clinical guide by the European Menopause and Andropause Society (EMAS) in its journal Maturitas on lichen sclerosus with summary recommendations...


Parents Find Talking To Their Teens About Being Overweight Scarier Than Any Ghost Story

from MNTpaeds - 03 Nov 12

New study highlights how parents can help their children achieve a healthier lifestyle According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 28% of adolescents are overweight. This means that about 1 in every 5 parents is thinking about how to discuss this with their child...


Multiple Births Affected By Congenital Anomalies Have Doubled Since The 1980s

from MNTpaeds - 07 Feb 13

The number of congenital anomalies, or birth defects arising from multiple births has almost doubled since the 1980s, suggests a new study published in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology...


The Lives Of Many Mothers And Children Saved In India

from MNTpaeds - 06 Nov 12

Infant mortality has fallen by half, and the number of women who died from complications during pregnancy and childbirth by three-quarters. This is the result of a four-year health care project in one of India's poorest districts. "We're overjoyed that mortality could be reduced with relatively simple means like mobile health care centres...


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