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ADHD treatment linked to increased obesity risk

from MNTpaeds - 17 Mar 14

Past research has suggested that children with ADHD are at higher risk of obesity than those without the disorder. Now, new research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, MD, suggests that this increased risk may be a result of ADHD treatment, rather that the disorder itself.



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A child's weight problem goes unnoticed by parents

from MNTpaeds - 17 Mar 14

One out of two parents of children who are overweight feel that their child's weight is normal. Four out of ten parents of children who are overweight or obese are even worried that their child will get too thin. These are the findings of a European study of parents of more than 16,000 children, including 1,800 children from Sweden.



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Better sleep linked with higher omega-3 levels in new study

from MNTpaeds - 17 Mar 14

Omega-3 fatty acids are most commonly derived from fish oils, including tuna and salmon, and they have been linked to numerous health benefits. But now, a new study suggests that having higher levels of omega-3 DHA is associated with better sleep.The researchers, from the University of Oxford in the UK, have published results of their study in the Journal of Sleep Research.



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Parents 'increase infant's obesity risk through feeding and activity practices'

from MNTpaeds - 17 Mar 14

In 2012, more than one third of children and adolescents were overweight or obese. Now, new research suggests parents may need to shoulder some of the blame. A study found that many parents adopt infant feeding and activity practices that may increase a child's risk of obesity later in life.The research team, led by Dr. Eliana M.



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Key to independence for high schoolers with autism may be superior visual thinking

from MNTpaeds - 14 Mar 14

Researchers at UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute (FPG) and UNC's School of Education report that teaching independence to adolescents with autism can provide a crucial boost to their chances for success after high school.



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Lung transplantation: A treatment option in end-stage lung disease

from MNTcf - 07 Mar 14

In the past five years, the number of lung transplantations carried out has increased by about 20%. In the end stage of various lung diseases, transplantation is the last remaining option for treatment, and it can both prolong life and improve its quality.



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A Statewide Medicaid Enhanced Prenatal Care Program Impact on Birth Outcomes

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

ImportancePolicy makers and practitioners need rigorous evaluations of state-based Medicaid enhanced prenatal care programs that provide home visiting to guide improvements and inform future investments. Effects on adverse birth outcomes are of particular interest.ObjectiveTo test if participation in the Michigan statewide enhanced prenatal care program, the Maternal Infant Health Program (MIHP), accounting for program timing and dosage, reduced risk for low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth,



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Prophylactic Use of a Probiotic in the Prevention of Colic, Regurgitation, and Functional Constipation A Randomized Clinical Trial

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

ImportanceInfantile colic, gastroesophageal reflux, and constipation are the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders that lead to referral to a pediatrician during the first 6 months of life and are often responsible for hospitalization, feeding changes, use of drugs, parental anxiety, and loss of parental working days with relevant social consequences.ObjectiveTo investigate whether oral supplementation with Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 during the first 3 months of life can reduce



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Commercialism in US Elementary and Secondary School Nutrition Environments Trends From 2007 to 2012

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

ImportanceSchools present highly desirable marketing environments for food and beverage companies. However, most marketed items are nutritionally poor.ObjectiveTo examine national trends in student exposure to selected school-based commercialism measures from 2007 through 2012.Design, Setting, and ParticipantsAnnual nationally representative cross-sectional studies were evaluated in US public elementary, middle, and high schools with use of a survey of school administrators.ExposuresSchool-base



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Comparison of High-Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation and Conventional Mechanical Ventilation in Pediatric Respiratory Failure

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

ImportanceOutcomes associated with use of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) in children with acute respiratory failure have not been established.ObjectiveTo compare the outcomes of HFOV with those of conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) in children with acute respiratory failure.Design, Setting, and ParticipantsWe performed a retrospective, observational study using deidentified data obtained from all consecutive patients receiving mechanical ventilation aged 1 month to 18 years



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Effects of Caffeine on Intermittent Hypoxia in Infants Born Prematurely A Randomized Clinical Trial

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

ImportancePreterm infants have immature respiratory control and resulting intermittent hypoxia (IH). The extent of IH after stopping routine caffeine treatment and the potential for reducing IH with extended caffeine treatment are unknown.ObjectivesTo determine (1) the frequency of IH in premature infants after discontinuation of routine caffeine treatment and (2) whether extending caffeine treatment to 40 weeks’ postmenstrual age (PMA) reduces IH.Design, Setting, and ParticipantsA prospective r



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Concussion Among Female Middle-School Soccer Players

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

ImportanceDespite recent increased awareness about sports concussions, little research has evaluated concussions among middle-school athletes.ObjectivesTo evaluate the frequency and duration of concussions in female youth soccer players and to determine if concussions result in stopping play and seeking medical care.Design, Setting, and ParticipantsProspective cohort study from March 2008 through May 2012 among 4 soccer clubs from the Puget Sound region of Washington State, involving 351 elite f



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Effects of Child Development Accounts on Early Social-Emotional Development An Experimental Test

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

ImportanceThis study, based on Oklahoma’s statewide Child Development Accounts (CDAs) program, presents findings from the first experimental test of the hypothesis that creating lifelong savings accounts for children at birth promotes their long-term well-being.ObjectiveTo examine the effects of CDAs, an innovative social policy to encourage lifelong saving and asset building for long-term development, on parent-reported social-emotional development in early childhood.Design, Setting, and Partic



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Celiac Disease A Review

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

Triggered by the ingestion of gluten in genetically predisposed individuals, celiac disease is the most common genetically based food intolerance in the world, with a prevalence among approximately 1% of the general population. This enteropathy may appear at any age and is characterized by a wide variety of clinical signs and symptoms that go well beyond the gastrointestinal tract. In young children, gastrointestinal presentations are common and include chronic diarrhea, failure to thrive, and a



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Influence of School Competitive Food and Beverage Policies on Obesity, Consumption, and Availability A Systematic Review

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

ImportanceThe US Department of Agriculture recently issued an interim final rule governing the sale of foods and beverages sold outside of the school meal programs (“competitive foods and beverages” [CF&Bs]).ObjectiveTo examine the potential influence that the federal rule may have based on peer-reviewed published studies examining the relationship between state laws and/or school district policies and student body mass index (BMI) and weight outcomes, consumption, and availability of CF&Bs.Evid





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Market Analysis of Vitamin Supplementation in Infants and Children Evidence From the Dietary Supplement Label Database

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

The Office of Dietary Supplements in concert with the National Library of Medicine recently created the Dietary Supplement Label Database (DSLD) to facilitate the scientific study of dietary supplement labels. The DSLD allows researchers to extract dietary supplement labels for research purposes. For example, the database may be used to assess label information to ensure that label information is truthful and accurate or to compare and contrast a large number of dietary supplements.



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Reducing Neonatal Mortality Are High-Coverage Women's Participatory Groups the Cost-effective Solution We Have Been Searching for?

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

To the Editor As a Gates grant recipient working on a technology to improve birth outcomes in low-resource environments, I welcome cost-effectiveness in community-based interventions. Unfortunately, after reading Fottrell et al, I am left with several thoughts. First, the claim that women’s group participation is a cost-effective intervention is exciting; however, the cost analysis is not explained, even minimally. One has to read the eAppendix even for basic information. Readers recognize that



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Reducing Neonatal Mortality—Reply

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

In Reply We thank Dr Klar for her comments. The presentation of cost-effectiveness in our article follows the concise norm for similar trial articles. The account in the eAppendix provides the essential details of the cost-effectiveness analysis. Further analysis of costs, including sensitivity analysis, will be submitted for publication to add to the growing evidence base for women’s groups interventions. We would like to correct an important misunderstanding of our evidence—we show that the in



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Circumcision Is a Religious/Cultural Procedure, Not a Medical Procedure

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

To the Editor Morris and Tobian note that parents are granted wide latitude in authorizing surgical procedures for their children. But that latitude is not unlimited and is fiduciary in nature. Fundamentally, male circumcision is a religious and cultural cosmetic procedure, not a valid medical procedure.



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Circumcision Is a Religious/Cultural Procedure, Not a Medical Procedure—Reply

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

In Reply Svoboda’s statements have been discredited previously. Since benefits of infant male circumcision (MC) vastly exceed risks, its persistence in diverse cultures worldwide likely reflects ritualization of a healthy practice, rather than it simply being “cosmetic.”



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Incorrect Information in Table

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

In the Original Investigation entitled “Violence, Crime, and Abuse Exposure in a National Sample of Children and Youth: An Update” published in the July 2013 issue of JAMA Pediatrics (2013;167[7]:614-621. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.42), incorrect information appeared. On page 616, in Table 1, the figures under “Last-Year Victimizations, %” for “Assault with weapon” should have been shown as follows: All Victims: 6.2; Male: 7.4; Female: 5.1; 0-1: 1.1; 2-5: 5.2; 6-9: 7.9; 10-13: 7.7; and 14-1



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Celiac Disease in Children and Adolescents

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

Celiac disease (CD) involves the inability for the small intestine to digest gluten, which is found in many grains such as wheat, barley, rye, buckwheat, or millet.



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JAMA Pediatrics

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

JAMA Pediatrics Vision: JAMA Pediatrics will be the most respected source of information for investigators, providers, and policy makers seeking the highest quality evidence to guide decision-making.


 

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