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3D-printed implants restore baby's breathing

from MNTpaeds - 20 Mar 14

Because of a condition that put huge pressure on his airways, 18-month-old Garrett Peterson of Utah had been tethered to ventilators and lived in hospitals since he was born. He was in mortal danger because his airways had collapsed, and even on their highest settings, the ventilators could not prevent his breathing from stopping several times a day.



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Low protein intake in infancy reduces childhood obesity risk

from MNTpaeds - 20 Mar 14

Results of a European study to be presented at an international conference this week have revealed that a low intake of protein during infancy can reduce a child's risk of becoming obese by the time they go to school.



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Children exposed to methamphetamine before birth have increased cognitive problems

from MNTpaeds - 20 Mar 14

In the only long-term, National Institutes of Health-funded study of prenatal methamphetamine exposure and child outcome, researchers found youngsters exposed to the potent illegal drug before birth had increased cognitive problems at age 7.



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Children with glomerular kidney disease more likely to have hypertension as adults

from MNTpaeds - 20 Mar 14

Men who as children had glomerular disease, a disorder of the portion of the kidney that filters blood and one that usually resolves with time, were more likely than men without childhood glomerular disease to have high blood pressure as an adult, according to a study in the March 19 issue of JAMA.



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Teen gang membership can harm adult years

from MNTpaeds - 19 Mar 14

A new study suggests that having been a member of a teen gang means years later an adult is not only at higher risk of crime conviction and receiving illegal income, but also is less likely to have completed high school and more likely to be in poor health, receiving welfare and struggling with drug abuse.



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Children's preferences for sweeter and saltier tastes are linked to each other

from MNTpaeds - 19 Mar 14

Scientists from the Monell Chemical Senses Center have found that children who most prefer high levels of sweet tastes also most prefer high levels of salt taste and that, in general, children prefer sweeter and saltier tastes than do adults. These preferences relate not only to food intake but also to measures of growth and can have important implications for efforts to change children's diets.



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Specific bacterial infection linked to poor pregnancy outcomes

from MNTpaeds - 19 Mar 14

New research published in JAMA has found that pregnant women are more susceptible to infection with the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae, which may put them at increased risk of fetal loss, preterm birth and stillbirth.H. influenzae is a bacterium that can cause a number of serious illnesses, such as pneumonia, meningitis and septic arthritis.



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Safe drinking water could reduce school sick days in developing countries

from MNTpaeds - 18 Mar 14

Research published today shows that schools providing clean water report fewer children off sick. It is the first study to investigate whether providing drinking water in schools can reduce absenteeism.Researchers looked at absentee rates in eight schools in Cambodia - half of which received treated drinking water, and half of which did not.



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High school concession stands should offer healthy foods

from MNTpaeds - 18 Mar 14

Pep-rallies, the marching band, cheers and chants, and savory, indulgent foods sold at the concession stand are all beloved features of the American high school sports tradition.



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CF Foundation and CF care expert partnership yields striking progress for people with cystic fibrosis

from MNTcf - 18 Mar 14

A decade of strategic efforts to improve care has had a key role in improving quality of life and added years to predicted survival for people with cystic fibrosis (CF) in the United States, according to the editors of a BMJ Quality & Safety supplement dedicated to the disease.



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Potential for 'uncapped' newborn organ donations with UK guideline review

from MNTpaeds - 18 Mar 14

In the UK, organ donation from newborns is practically unheard of. New research from the Great Ormond Street Hospital in London suggests that this is primarily due to current death verification and certification standards. But the study authors say such guidelines need to be revised as there is "significant uncapped potential" for newborn organ donation in the UK.



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TV, computer, video game use 'linked to poorer child well-being'

from MNTpaeds - 18 Mar 14

For most children, watching television, using computers and playing video games is a part of day-to-day life. But new research suggests that for young children, such activities are linked to poorer well-being.This is according to a study recently published in the journal JAMA Pediatrics.



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ADHD treatment linked to increased obesity risk

from MNTpaeds - 17 Mar 14

Past research has suggested that children with ADHD are at higher risk of obesity than those without the disorder. Now, new research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, MD, suggests that this increased risk may be a result of ADHD treatment, rather that the disorder itself.



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A child's weight problem goes unnoticed by parents

from MNTpaeds - 17 Mar 14

One out of two parents of children who are overweight feel that their child's weight is normal. Four out of ten parents of children who are overweight or obese are even worried that their child will get too thin. These are the findings of a European study of parents of more than 16,000 children, including 1,800 children from Sweden.



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Better sleep linked with higher omega-3 levels in new study

from MNTpaeds - 17 Mar 14

Omega-3 fatty acids are most commonly derived from fish oils, including tuna and salmon, and they have been linked to numerous health benefits. But now, a new study suggests that having higher levels of omega-3 DHA is associated with better sleep.The researchers, from the University of Oxford in the UK, have published results of their study in the Journal of Sleep Research.



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Parents 'increase infant's obesity risk through feeding and activity practices'

from MNTpaeds - 17 Mar 14

In 2012, more than one third of children and adolescents were overweight or obese. Now, new research suggests parents may need to shoulder some of the blame. A study found that many parents adopt infant feeding and activity practices that may increase a child's risk of obesity later in life.The research team, led by Dr. Eliana M.



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Key to independence for high schoolers with autism may be superior visual thinking

from MNTpaeds - 14 Mar 14

Researchers at UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute (FPG) and UNC's School of Education report that teaching independence to adolescents with autism can provide a crucial boost to their chances for success after high school.



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Lung transplantation: A treatment option in end-stage lung disease

from MNTcf - 07 Mar 14

In the past five years, the number of lung transplantations carried out has increased by about 20%. In the end stage of various lung diseases, transplantation is the last remaining option for treatment, and it can both prolong life and improve its quality.



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Reducing Neonatal Mortality Are High-Coverage Women's Participatory Groups the Cost-effective Solution We Have Been Searching for?

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

To the Editor As a Gates grant recipient working on a technology to improve birth outcomes in low-resource environments, I welcome cost-effectiveness in community-based interventions. Unfortunately, after reading Fottrell et al, I am left with several thoughts. First, the claim that women’s group participation is a cost-effective intervention is exciting; however, the cost analysis is not explained, even minimally. One has to read the eAppendix even for basic information. Readers recognize that



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Reducing Neonatal Mortality—Reply

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

In Reply We thank Dr Klar for her comments. The presentation of cost-effectiveness in our article follows the concise norm for similar trial articles. The account in the eAppendix provides the essential details of the cost-effectiveness analysis. Further analysis of costs, including sensitivity analysis, will be submitted for publication to add to the growing evidence base for women’s groups interventions. We would like to correct an important misunderstanding of our evidence—we show that the in



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Circumcision Is a Religious/Cultural Procedure, Not a Medical Procedure

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

To the Editor Morris and Tobian note that parents are granted wide latitude in authorizing surgical procedures for their children. But that latitude is not unlimited and is fiduciary in nature. Fundamentally, male circumcision is a religious and cultural cosmetic procedure, not a valid medical procedure.



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Circumcision Is a Religious/Cultural Procedure, Not a Medical Procedure—Reply

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

In Reply Svoboda’s statements have been discredited previously. Since benefits of infant male circumcision (MC) vastly exceed risks, its persistence in diverse cultures worldwide likely reflects ritualization of a healthy practice, rather than it simply being “cosmetic.”



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Incorrect Information in Table

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

In the Original Investigation entitled “Violence, Crime, and Abuse Exposure in a National Sample of Children and Youth: An Update” published in the July 2013 issue of JAMA Pediatrics (2013;167[7]:614-621. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.42), incorrect information appeared. On page 616, in Table 1, the figures under “Last-Year Victimizations, %” for “Assault with weapon” should have been shown as follows: All Victims: 6.2; Male: 7.4; Female: 5.1; 0-1: 1.1; 2-5: 5.2; 6-9: 7.9; 10-13: 7.7; and 14-1



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Celiac Disease in Children and Adolescents

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

Celiac disease (CD) involves the inability for the small intestine to digest gluten, which is found in many grains such as wheat, barley, rye, buckwheat, or millet.



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JAMA Pediatrics

from ArchPedi - 01 Mar 14

JAMA Pediatrics Vision: JAMA Pediatrics will be the most respected source of information for investigators, providers, and policy makers seeking the highest quality evidence to guide decision-making.


 

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