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Children suffer impaired learning of the natural world when exposed to books which have animals with human traits

from MNTpaeds - 27 Mar 14

A new study by University of Toronto researchers has found that kids' books featuring animals with human characteristics not only lead to less factual learning but also influence children's reasoning about animals.



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Experts in London suggest that penicillin prescriptions risk under-dosing children

from MNTpaeds - 27 Mar 14

Millions of children in the UK are potentially receiving penicillin prescriptions below the recommended dose for common infections, according to new research led jointly by researchers at King's College London, St George's, University of London and Imperial College London.



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Economic growth has little impact on reducing undernutrition in children

from MNTpaeds - 27 Mar 14

A large study of child growth patterns in 36 developing countries published in The Lancet Global Health journal has found that, contrary to widely held beliefs, economic growth is at best associated with very small, and in some cases no declines in levels of stunting, underweight, and wasting.



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Newborn screening: should whole genome sequencing be introduced?

from MNTpaeds - 27 Mar 14

Whole genome sequencing is becoming more popular in medical research. With its falling cost and increasing reliability, some scientists hail the process as being the future of genetic research. But should whole genome sequencing be used as a part of newborn screening programs? This is a question that researchers from McGill University in Canada say should be addressed.



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Availability of sugar-sweetened beverages in schools increases odds of adolescent obesity

from MNTpaeds - 26 Mar 14

The availability and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) in secondary schools is associated with higher adolescent obesity rates in British Columbia (BC), Canada, according to a study published in the open access International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.



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Children's physical activity influenced by their mothers

from MNTpaeds - 26 Mar 14

Parents are strong influences in the lives of young children, with patterns of behaviour established in the early years laying the foundation for future choices. A new study suggests that, when it comes to levels of physical activity, it is mothers who set (or don't set) the pace.



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Thousands of young people at risk of 'slipping through the net' due to adults' lack of mental health awareness, UK

from MNTpaeds - 25 Mar 14

More than half of adults lack the confidence to approach a child, or a parent of a child that they suspect to have a mental health problem, in case they are mistaken, a new survey launched today reveals. The survey comes as a new website - MindEd - funded by the Department of Health launches.



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Patients susceptible to leukemia treatment aftermaths identified

from MNTpaeds - 25 Mar 14

The National Institute of Pediatrics (INP) in Mexico, conducted a study on genetic markers to identify children with acute leukemia, who may suffer side effects from the medications used to treat this type of cancer.



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Shorter sleepers are over-eaters

from MNTpaeds - 25 Mar 14

Young children who sleep less eat more, which can lead to obesity and related health problems later in life, reports a new study by UCL researchers.The study found that 16 month-old children who slept for less than 10 hours each day consumed on average 105kcal more per day than children who slept for more than 13 hours. This is an increase of around 10% from 982kcal to 1087kcal.



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Integrating mental health services in pediatric practices feasible, effective, Pitt finds

from MNTpaeds - 25 Mar 14

Brief behavioral and mental health programs for children can be effectively provided within pediatric practices as an alternative to being referred to a community specialist, University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences researchers found in a National Institutes of Health-funded randomized trial.



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Physical activity and diet have positive impact on health, regardless of fat levels

from MNTpaeds - 25 Mar 14

Digits on a scale can help determine a child's weight, but their overall health status can be influenced by other factors such as physical activity, diet and screen time, according to new research from the University of Alberta and Alberta Health Services.



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Association discovered between severity of autism symptoms and gene family linked to brain evolution

from MNTpaeds - 25 Mar 14

The same gene family that may have helped the human brain become larger and more complex than in any other animal is also linked to the severity of autism, according to new research from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.The gene family is made up of over 270 copies of a segment of DNA called DUF1220.



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Leukaemia caused by chromosome catastrophe

from MNTpaeds - 24 Mar 14

Researchers have found that people born with a rare abnormality of their chromosomes have a 2,700-fold increased risk of a rare childhood leukaemia. In this abnormality, two specific chromosomes are fused together but become prone to catastrophic shattering.Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, or ALL, is the most common childhood cancer.



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Public Health England (PHE) welcomes prospect of new Meningitis B vaccine

from MNTpaeds - 24 Mar 14

Public Health England (PHE) welcomes the announcement from the Joint Committee of Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI) to recommend the inclusion of a new vaccine against Group B meningococcal disease (Meningitis B) to the routine childhood immunisation schedule.



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How parents can teach their children to be safer

from MNTpaeds - 24 Mar 14

As parents, we've all been there: Watching our children teeter on a chair, leap from the sofa, or careen about the playground, fearing the worst. And, we all wonder, how can we teach them to be safer?



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New genetic disease identified in children

from MNTpaeds - 24 Mar 14

Scientists and parents have worked together to identify a new genetic disease that causes neurologic, muscle, eye and liver problems in children. The discovery was unusually fast thanks to a combination of modern gene-sequencing techniques, social media and old-fashioned detective work.One important clue was that affected children cry without making tears.



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Noise exposure hearing loss not detected by school hearing tests

from MNTpaeds - 24 Mar 14

School hearing tests cannot effectively detect adolescent high-frequency hearing loss, which is typically caused by loud noise exposure, according to researchers at Penn State College of Medicine.The Pennsylvania Department of Health mandates school-administered hearing screens for children in kindergarten to third, seventh and 11th grades.



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Language development aided by social feedback loop

from MNTpaeds - 23 Mar 14

Verbal interactions between parents and children create a social feedback loop important for language development, according to research forthcoming in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. That loop appears to be experienced less frequently and is diminished in strength in interactions with autistic children.



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Obese teens with a high salt intake 'at risk of accelerated cellular aging'

from MNTpaeds - 21 Mar 14

Cells may age faster in obese teenagers who have a very salty diet, according to new research presented at the American Heart Association's Epidemiology & Prevention/Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism Scientific Sessions 2014.



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An under-recognized issue that may be on the rise: fetal alcohol spectrum disorders

from MNTpaeds - 21 Mar 14

The open-access International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research has released a special issue on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), with the intention of increasing awareness of the negative effects of alcohol use in pregnancy and improving prevention, treatment and care for those living with FASD.



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Improving lung function in premature babies with high-frequency breathing support

from MNTpaeds - 21 Mar 14

A new study led by researchers at King's College London has found that premature babies supported immediately after birth by high-frequency oscillation - a type of breathing support - had better lung function as adolescents than those who received conventional ventilation.



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Promising strategies for teaching common core state standards to teens with autism

from MNTpaeds - 21 Mar 14

Scientists at UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute (FPG) report that high school students with autism can learn under Common Core State Standards (CCSS), boosting their prospects for college and employment. Newly published recommendations from FPG's team also provide strategies for educating adolescents with autism under a CCSS curriculum.



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Increased adiposity and reduced physical activity in children: Cause or effect?

from MNTpaeds - 21 Mar 14

Increased adiposity is likely to cause reduced physical activity in children, according to research published in this week's PLOS Medicine.



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Poor oxytocin development could be to blame for alcohol and drug addiction

from MNTpaeds - 20 Mar 14

New research from the University of Adelaide in Australia suggests that poor development of oxytocin in early childhood may explain why some individuals succumb to addictive behavior, such as alcohol or drug abuse.Oxytocin, more commonly referred to as the "love hormone," is known to play an important role in partnership, social interaction and maternal behavior.



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Drug-resistant bacterial infections on the rise in American children

from MNTpaeds - 20 Mar 14

An antibiotic-resistant type of Gram-negative bacteria is infecting an increasing number of children in the US, researchers report in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society.These findings come at a time when the issue of drug-resistant bacteria is at the forefront of public health concerns.


 

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