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1 in 5 child deaths in England preventable

from MNTpaeds - 05 Sep 14

Child deaths have fallen to very low rates in all industrialised countries, but many deaths in children and adolescents are still potentially preventable, and much more could be done to cut future...



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Evidence suggests childhood obesity comes before asthma in kids with both asthma and obesity

from MNTpaeds - 05 Sep 14

For years, doctors have known that there is a link between childhood obesity and asthma, but have found it difficult to determine which condition tends to come first, or whether one causes the other.



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Genetics link a mother's diet to the risk of obesity in her offspring

from MNTpaeds - 05 Sep 14

New research in The FASEB Journal suggests that epigenetic methylation blocks expression of the Pomc gene, leading to delayed satiety response and increased food intake.



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Is your child prepared for the September Asthma Peak

from MNTpaeds - 04 Sep 14

With the end of the summer upon us, school-aged children are beginning to head back into the classrooms for a new school year.



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Hidden infection route of major bacterial pathogen uncovered

from MNTcf - 04 Sep 14

Researchers at the University of Liverpool's Institute of Infection and Global Health have discovered the pattern of infection of the bacterium responsible for causing severe lung infections in...



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Is human breast milk microbiome 'neutral'?

from MNTpaeds - 04 Sep 14

Human breast milk is considered the most ideal source of nutrition for infants and it should have played a critical role in the evolution and civilizations of human beings.



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A child's auditory brain function improves with two years of musical training

from MNTpaeds - 04 Sep 14

A new Northwestern University study provides the first direct evidence that a community music program for at-risk youth has a biological effect on children's developing nervous systems.



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Hypertension is a nearly 6 fold risk factor in obese youths

from MNTpaeds - 03 Sep 14

Obese youths have a nearly six fold risk of hypertension, according to research in more than 22 000 young people from the PEP Family Heart Study presented at ESC Congress by Professor Peter Schwandt...



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Unplanned births out of hospital increases risk of infant mortality

from MNTpaeds - 03 Sep 14

New research reveals that unplanned births out-of-hospital in Norway are associated with higher infant mortality.



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Food supplements plus cash to poor families reduces rates of child malnutrition in Niger more than each intervention alone

from MNTpaeds - 02 Sep 14

In Niger, interventions that combined the distribution of supplementary food with a cash transfer to poor families prevented acute malnutrition in young children more effectively than strategies...



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Infant feeding habits may predict eating behaviors in later life

from MNTpaeds - 02 Sep 14

The follow-up to an FDA study analyzing infant nutrition investigates to what extent eating behaviors in the first year of life predict eating behaviors at age 6.



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Potentially protective immune response from new analysis of old HIV vaccines

from MNTpaeds - 02 Sep 14

Applying the benefit of hindsight, researchers at Duke Medicine have reanalyzed the findings of two historic pediatric HIV vaccine trials with encouraging results.



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Breakthrough in RSV research

from MNTpaeds - 02 Sep 14

The New England Journal of Medicine has published research results from a clinical trial of a drug shown to safely reduce the viral load and clinical illness of healthy adult volunteers intranasally...



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ADHD drugs 'do not stunt children's growth,' say AAP

from MNTpaeds - 01 Sep 14

Despite concerns that stimulant medications to treat ADHD could stunt a child's growth, a new study from the American Academy of Pediatrics says these drugs do not affect height.



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Bedsharing may impair sleep quality

from MNTpaeds - 01 Sep 14

Nocturnal awakenings are frequent among 6-month-old children, but sharing bed might make things worse.




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The Future of Board Certification Learning Is Competency

from ArchPedi - 01 Sep 14

Although its wording has evolved, the essence of the mission of the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) has not changed: to certify “pediatricians based on standards of excellence that lead to high-quality health care during infancy, childhood, adolescence, and the transition to adulthood.” The ABP needs assessments embedded in clinical practice and improved patient outcomes as the explicit metric for excellence, which will require a commitment to continuous learning. This Viewpoint proposes ways



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Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors

from ArchPedi - 01 Sep 14

Health care professionals who routinely interact with young people have an important role to play in preventing, identifying, and responding to commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors. These crimes—which include any sexual activity with someone younger than 18 years in exchange for something of value—occur every day in the United States and have serious, long-term consequences for individuals who have experienced this violence and exploitation. Unfortunately, pediatricians m



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Integrating Curricula on Human Trafficking Into Medical Education and Residency Training

from ArchPedi - 01 Sep 14

Today in the United States, human trafficking occurs in cities, suburbs, and rural areas across all 50 US states. “Severe forms” of human trafficking are defined under the US Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 as the following: (1) sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age or (2) the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person fo



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Distance

from ArchPedi - 01 Sep 14

His face will forever be etched in my memory. The resemblance to my oldest son was striking. He was a slender preteen lying in unfamiliar surroundings and looking distinctly out of place in his hospital gown. Gauze packing disfigured his delicately thin nose. But apart from the gown and the gauze, he looked normal, like he had just wandered off some nearby soccer pitch on a cool autumn morning, hair tousled and dirt in his fingernails.



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Weight Loss Maintenance A Hard Nut to Crack

from ArchPedi - 01 Sep 14

In 1991, a total of 8 people were sealed for 2 years inside a man-made “Biosphere” consisting of a 3-acre ecologically closed habitat. This crew of 4 men and 4 women voluntarily entered the habitat to learn about the interactions between humans and key ecological systems. However, these scientists serendipitously experienced a hardship that has actually taught the world a great deal more about basic human physiology than ever expected. In the first growing season after entering the Biosphere, an



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Substance Misuse Among Adolescents To Screen or Not to Screen?

from ArchPedi - 01 Sep 14

Alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana are the top 3 substances of misuse among teenagers. According to the Monitoring the Future study, marijuana use continues to increase in contrast to tobacco or alcohol use, which has leveled off; currently, more than one-third of 12th graders report having used marijuana in the past year, and 6.5% report using it regularly. Emerging evidence suggests that the adolescent brain is highly vulnerable to exposure to alcohol or cannabis consumption, resulting in proxima



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Effect of Home Visiting by Nurses on Maternal and Child Mortality Results of a 2-Decade Follow-up of a Randomized Clinical Trial

from ArchPedi - 01 Sep 14

ImportanceMothers and children living in adverse contexts are at risk of premature death.ObjectiveTo determine the effect of prenatal and infant/toddler nurse home visiting on maternal and child mortality during a 2-decade period (1990-2011).Design, Setting, and ParticipantsA randomized clinical trial was designed originally to assess the home visiting program’s effect on pregnancy outcomes and maternal and child health through child age 2 years. The study was conducted in a public system of obs



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Inpatient Treatment of Children and Adolescents With Severe Obesity in the Netherlands A Randomized Clinical Trial

from ArchPedi - 01 Sep 14

ImportanceSevere childhood obesity has become a major health problem, and effective, evidence-based interventions are needed. The relative effectiveness of inpatient compared with ambulatory treatment remains unknown.ObjectiveTo determine whether an inpatient treatment program is more effective than an ambulatory treatment program at achieving a sustained weight loss in children and adolescents with severe obesity.Design, Setting, and ParticipantsWe conducted a randomized clinical trial with a 2



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Use of a Computerized Decision Aid for Developmental Surveillance and Screening A Randomized Clinical Trial

from ArchPedi - 01 Sep 14

ImportanceDevelopmental delays and disabilities are common in children. Research has indicated that intervention during the early years of a child's life has a positive effect on cognitive development, social skills and behavior, and subsequent school performance.ObjectiveTo determine whether a computerized clinical decision support system is an effective approach to improve standardized developmental surveillance and screening (DSS) within primary care practices.Design, Setting, and Participant


 

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