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Why is underage drinking targeted when studies suggest it is in decline?

from MNTpaeds - 09 Apr 14

This year, Alcohol Awareness Month tackles the issue of underage drinking. We take a look at the associated statistics to see how much of a problem underage drinking is in 2014.



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Gardasil® approved in the European Union for a 2-dose schedule in children aged from 9 to 13 years

from MNTpaeds - 09 Apr 14

Sanofi Pasteur MSD has announced that the European Commission has granted marketing authorization for its quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, Gardasil®, for a 2-dose schedule at 0...



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Decline in pediatric emergency visits as a result of educational interventions at early head start

from MNTpaeds - 09 Apr 14

Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center found that integrating an educational intervention regarding upper respiratory infections (URI) into Early Head Start programs led to a significant...



0

Most schools meet new USDA drinking water mandate; more steps needed to encourage consumption

from MNTpaeds - 09 Apr 14

A new USDA mandate calling for access to free drinking water during lunchtime at schools participating in the National School Lunch Program went into effect at the start of the 2011-12 school year.



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Parental obesity and autism risk in the child

from MNTpaeds - 08 Apr 14

Several studies have looked at possible links between maternal obesity during pregnancy and the risk of developmental disorders in the child.



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Health benefits of 'green exercise' for kids shown in new study

from MNTpaeds - 08 Apr 14

Children who are exposed to scenes of nature while exercising are more likely to experience health-enhancing effects after activity, according to a Coventry University study published in the...



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Dizziness and headache can be symptoms of stroke, especially in women, minorities and younger patients

from MNTpaeds - 08 Apr 14

Doctors overlook or discount the early signs of potentially disabling strokes in tens of thousands of American women each year, a large number of them visitors to emergency rooms complaining of dizziness or headaches, a team of researchers led by a Johns Hopkins specialist concluded after analyzing federal health care data.



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Distinguishing between pediatric injuries associated with abuse and those caused by accidents

from MNTpaeds - 07 Apr 14

Roughly 1,500 children are fatally injured each year in association with child abuse and 150,000 are permanently disabled. Child abuse is a leading cause of fatality in children 0-4 years of age. Many serious injuries and fatalities could be prevented if it was possible to distinguish between injuries associated with abuse and those caused by accidents.



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Color blindness among preschoolers dominated by Caucasian boys

from MNTpaeds - 06 Apr 14

Caucasian male children have the highest prevalence among four major ethnicities, with 1 in 20 testing color blind, according to the first major study of color blindness in a multi-ethnic group of preschoolers.



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Boys who started smoking before age 11 went on to have fatter sons

from MNTpaeds - 04 Apr 14

According to new research from the Children of the 90s study at the University of Bristol, men who started smoking regularly before the age of 11 had sons who, on average, had 5-10kg more body fat than their peers by the time they were in their teens.



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Psychology used in cereal box retailing

from MNTpaeds - 04 Apr 14

In a study of 65 cereals in 10 different grocery stores, Cornell researchers found that cereals marketed to kids are placed half as high on supermarket shelves as adult cereals - the average height for children's cereal boxes is 23 inches verses 48 inches for adult cereal.



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Potentially harmful chemicals emitted by crib mattresses

from MNTpaeds - 04 Apr 14

Infants are exposed to high levels of chemical emissions from crib mattresses while they sleep according to a first-of-its-kind study by a team of environmental engineers from the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin.



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Healthy weight and academic achievement linked

from MNTpaeds - 04 Apr 14

Obese children are slower than healthy-weight children to recognize when they have made an error and correct it, a new University of Illinois study finds. The research is the first to show that weight status not only affects how quickly children react to stimuli but also impacts the level of activity that occurs in the cerebral cortex during action monitoring.



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CDC: e-cigarette-related calls to US poison centers have soared

from MNTpaeds - 04 Apr 14

The safety of e-cigarettes has caused much debate in recent months. Now, a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reveals that the number of phone calls to poison centers involving e-cigarette liquids containing nicotine has dramatically increased, from one call per month in 2010 to 215 calls per month in 2014.



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Epidemics exacerbated by unvaccinated infants

from MNTpaeds - 03 Apr 14

By taking into account seasonal fluctuations in birth rates, massive vaccination campaigns in the developing world could inoculate more unprotected infants and significantly reduce the number of deaths from diseases like measles, according to Micaela Martinez-Bakker and Kevin Bakker of the U-M Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.



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The long-term consequences of nutrition during the first two years of life

from MNTpaeds - 03 Apr 14

Many studies have focused on the influence of breast-feeding on child health. From analysis of data from the ELANCE cohort, Marie Fran├žoise Rolland-Cachera, former researcher at Inserm and her co-workers in the Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (EREN)[1] have shown that breast-feeding has a protective effect on the risk of obesity at 20 years of age.



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Childhood obstructive sleep apnea: new screening tool developed

from MNTpaeds - 03 Apr 14

A new screening tool has been developed by clinical investigators at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) to help diagnose obstructive sleep apnea in children. Their findings are published in Pediatric Pulmonology. Evidence suggests that adults with a large neck circumference are more likely to develop obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), especially males.



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Infant circumcision is becoming less common in the US, but why?

from MNTpaeds - 02 Apr 14

Male circumcision is a controversial procedure, with passionate voices on both the pro- and anti- sides of the debate. Now, new research published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings bolsters the pro-circumcision argument, claiming that the "benefits" of circumcision "far outweigh risks.



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Research provides new insight into rural versus urban causes of childhood concussion

from MNTpaeds - 02 Apr 14

Researchers at Western University have found youth living in rural areas are more likely to sustain concussions from injuries involving motorized vehicles such as all-terrain vehicles and dirt bikes, whereas youth living in urban areas suffer concussions mostly as a result of sports. Hockey accounts for 40 per cent of those injuries.



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Genetic cause of heart valve defects

from MNTpaeds - 02 Apr 14

Heart valve defects are a common cause of death in newborns. Scientists at the University of Bonn and the caesar research center have discovered "Creld1" is a key gene for the development of heart valves in mice. The researchers were able to show that a similar Creld1 gene found in humans functions via the same signaling pathway as in the mouse.



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Antibiotics being explored for the treatment of cystic fibrosis and muscular dystrophy have the potential to trigger autoimmune disease

from MNTcf - 02 Apr 14

The code for every gene includes a message at the end of it that signals the translation machinery to stop. Some diseases, such as cystic fibrosis and Duchenne muscular dystrophy, can result from mutations that insert this stop signal into the middle of an essential gene, causing the resulting protein to be truncated.



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Children in the US: 1 in 3 may have high cholesterol

from MNTpaeds - 01 Apr 14

Approximately 1 in 3 children in the US may have borderline or high cholesterol, according to a new study recently presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.The research team, led by Dr.



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FDA approves Topamax for migraine prevention in adolescents

from MNTpaeds - 01 Apr 14

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Topamax (topiramate) for prevention (prophylaxis) of migraine headaches in adolescents ages 12 to 17. This is the first FDA approval of a drug for migraine prevention in this age group. The medication is taken on a daily basis to reduce the frequency of migraine headaches. Topamax was first approved by the FDA in 1996 to prevent seizures.



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Obesity prevention programs can lower kids' blood pressure, even if they don't reduce body fat

from MNTpaeds - 01 Apr 14

One of the serious health consequences of obesity is elevated blood pressure (BP), a particular problem in children because research has found that high BP in children usually follows them into adulthood, carrying with it a wide range of possible negative consequences.Even modest elevations in the BP of adolescents, according to recent research, can pose cardiovascular problems later in life.



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Prognosis of children with deadly inherited disorder may be improved by repeated hUCB injections

from MNTpaeds - 01 Apr 14

New insight has been gained into treating an inherited disorder that creates serious neurological and behavioral disabilities in children and usually leads to death in the teen years.


 

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