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Too few parents make plans in case they die early

from MNTpaeds - 07 Oct 14

Parents are failing to make adequate plans for the children they would leave behind should they die early, reveals a new survey by the Childhood Bereavement Network, based at leading children's...



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Healthy kids check effectiveness must be reviewed and further developed

from MNTpaeds - 06 Oct 14

The role of the Healthy Kids Check in prevention and early intervention remains important but its effectiveness as a one-time check must be reviewed and developed further, according to research and...



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Paediatricians need better education about asylum seeker rights

from MNTpaeds - 06 Oct 14

Most Australian paediatricians believe mandatory detention of asylum seeker children is child abuse, but have poor knowledge of health screening and Medicare eligibility of such children, according...



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Association between neighborhood drug sales and drug use

from MNTpaeds - 06 Oct 14

The research showed more frequent the witnessing of drug selling, the higher the odds of use, particularly for greater quantities of drugs or 'harder' drugsFor decades, research has generally...



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Prompting Asthma Intervention in Rochester–Uniting Parents and Providers (PAIR-UP) A Randomized Trial

from ArchPedi - 06 Oct 14

ImportanceA disproportionate number of impoverished and minority children have asthma and receive suboptimal preventive care.ObjectiveTo evaluate whether the Prompting Asthma Intervention in Rochester–Uniting Parents and Providers (PAIR-UP) intervention, administered in primary care offices, improves the delivery of preventive care and reduces morbidity for urban children with asthma.Design, Setting, and ParticipantsCluster randomized trial in which 12 urban primary care practices were matched b



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Influence of the American Society of Hematology Guidelines on the Management of Newly Diagnosed Childhood Immune Thrombocytopenia

from ArchPedi - 06 Oct 14

ImportanceIn 2011, the American Society of Hematology (ASH) published updated guidelines for the management of childhood immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) recommending management with observation alone when there are mild or no bleeding symptoms, regardless of platelet count. Little is known about practice patterns of newly diagnosed ITP in the United States.ObjectiveTo understand the impact of management recommendations on practice patterns.Design, Setting, and ParticipantsRetrospective medical rec



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Novel gene/cell therapy approach developed for lung disease

from MNTpaeds - 04 Oct 14

Researchers developed a new type of cell transplantation to treat mice mimicking a rare lung disease that one day could be used to treat this and other human lung diseases caused by dysfunctional...



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Grandparents' support linked to parents' willingness to have additional children and child well-being

from MNTpaeds - 03 Oct 14

Grandparents can significantly influence parents' decisions to have additional children and the well-being of grandchildren, according to a recent study completed at the University of Eastern Finland.



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Free birth control reduces teen pregnancies and abortions

from MNTpaeds - 03 Oct 14

Teens who received free contraception and were educated about the pros and cons of various birth control methods were dramatically less likely to get pregnant, give birth or get an abortion compared...



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HIV rebounds in second baby thought to have been cured with early treatment

from MNTpaeds - 03 Oct 14

A new report published in The Lancet reveals that HIV has returned in a baby believed to have been cured of the virus with early antiretroviral therapy.



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Do expectant moms receive adequate information on Down syndrome?

from MNTpaeds - 02 Oct 14

Down Syndrome Awareness Month: we investigate the - sometimes controversial - arguments surrounding pregnancy and the condition. Tomorrow, we look at advances in Down research.



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Twitches during REM sleep activate the brain in a unique way, providing further evidence that sleep twitches teach newborns about their bodies

from MNTpaeds - 02 Oct 14

A University of Iowa study has found twitches made during sleep activate the brains of mammals differently than movements made while awake.



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Chef-made meals can increase school meal participation and vegetable intake among students

from MNTpaeds - 02 Oct 14

Gourmet pizza in school? According to a new Food and Brand Lab pilot study, published in Appetite, chef-made meals can increase participation in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) by 9% and...



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Before they're even old enough to speak: researcher improves babies' language skills

from MNTpaeds - 02 Oct 14

In the first months of life, when babies begin to distinguish sounds that make up language from all the other sounds in the world, they can be trained to more effectively recognize which sounds...




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Social and Public Health Perspectives of Promotion of Breastfeeding

from ArchPedi - 01 Oct 14

Pediatricians often encounter clinical scenarios in which individual health benefit, public health benefit, and social values intersect. For example, circumcision benefits health for an individual by reducing the risk of urinary tract and sexually transmitted infections and also has public health benefit by reducing overall population risk of sexually transmitted infection. However, some social movements consider circumcision a violation of human rights. Similarly, abstinence can be an effective



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New Regulatory Paradigms for Innovative Drugs to Treat Pediatric Diseases

from ArchPedi - 01 Oct 14

The development of safe and effective pediatric drugs continues to fall short. The paucity of new therapies is particularly stark for rare diseases, which disproportionately affect children and collectively affect an estimated 25 million people in the United States and 30 million in Europe. Since the 1980s, US policymakers have enacted a range of policies to stimulate drug development for rare diseases, defined as those affecting fewer than 200?000 individuals in the United States. The most nota



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An Ethically Appropriate Strategy to Combat Obesity and Food Insecurity The Urban Food Initiative

from ArchPedi - 01 Oct 14

On February 26, 2013, Doug Rauch, former president of Trader Joe’s grocery chain, announced his plans for the Urban Food Initiative (UFI). The goals are to address obesity, food insecurity, and food waste by opening nonprofit supermarkets in low-income neighborhoods and providing nutritious low-cost foods. To accomplish this, he proposed selling food gathered from the 11% of fresh produce and perishables that are discarded from other supermarkets, some of which is near or past the sell-by date.



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Nine Hundred

from ArchPedi - 01 Oct 14

“My favorite class is math.”



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Continuing Evolution at JAMA Pediatrics

from ArchPedi - 01 Oct 14

The development, dissemination, and use of new information has changed rapidly over the last 15 years. These changes have affected both the lay and professional media.



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Urinary Tract Infections and Renal Damage Focusing on What Matters

from ArchPedi - 01 Oct 14

In this issue of JAMA Pediatrics, Shaikh and colleagues report their analysis of risk factors for renal scarring in infants and young children following a urinary tract infection (UTI). The methods are notable. Shaikh and colleagues sought out individual patient data from multiple published articles, and the researchers of the original studies were generous enough to provide the data, resulting in a large data set of 1280 infants and children. This is an example of admirable collaboration among



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Fighting Infections in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Gloves On or Off?

from ArchPedi - 01 Oct 14

In this issue, Kaufman and colleagues describe their efforts to reduce the risk of infection among critically ill neonates. Late-onset infections are devastating for infants. Whether they are classified as health care–associated infections, such as central line–associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs), or identified as a somewhat less distinct clinical syndrome, such as necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), these infections cause undeniable suffering. Among extremely low-birth-weight infants, an i



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Weekend Hospitalization

from ArchPedi - 01 Oct 14

More than once during the last years of my father’s life, I found myself navigating for him and my mother the many challenges and frustrations of hospitalization. His clinicians and the hospital staff were well trained and well intended. The supplies, equipment, and facilities were all first rate. But the environment within which his care was provided lacked uniform and consistent processes, which led to great variation in his everyday experience throughout his stay(s). And there was little comm



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Acid-Reducing Agents in Infants and Children Friend or Foe?

from ArchPedi - 01 Oct 14

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is common in infants and children and has been estimated to affect as much as 3.3% of the pediatric population. Despite this, we still struggle with the management of GERD. With a growing body of literature that illustrates a lack of efficacy and alarming adverse effects, there is increasing reason to limit the empirical use of acid suppression therapy in children.



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Planning for Effective Hospital Discharge

from ArchPedi - 01 Oct 14

Hospital discharges occur more than 35 million times per year in the United States and the process of discharging the patient is one of very few processes common to all hospitalizations where the patients survive. Patients’ safety is at risk when discharge plans do not ensure that the patients, their families, and their caregivers have the knowledge and support they need to thrive beyond the hospital’s walls. Hospital costs increase and access to beds for new patients diminish when discharges ar


 

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