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Guidelines for the treatment of pediatric hydrocephalus published by JNS: Pediatrics

from MNTpaeds - 04 Nov 14

The Journal of Neurosurgery Publishing Group is pleased to announce the publication of "Pediatric hydrocephalus: systematic literature review and evidence-based guidelines," a supplement to the...



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Just 4 minutes of fun exercise improves learning and behaviour in the classroom

from MNTpaeds - 04 Nov 14

Four minutes of physical activity can improve behaviour in the classroom for primary school students, according to new research by Brendon Gurd.



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Link studied between newborn health and vitamin A

from MNTpaeds - 04 Nov 14

The impact vitamin A has on newborns is virtually unknown, but Penn State nutrition researchers have published two papers that may provide a framework for future investigations of the vitamin and...



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Mom's socioeconomic background affects her babys' diet

from MNTpaeds - 04 Nov 14

You have to be at least 2 years old to be covered by U.S. dietary guidelines. For younger babies, no official U.S.



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Increased prevalence in autism diagnoses linked to reporting in Denmark

from MNTpaeds - 03 Nov 14

About 60 percent of the increase in the observed prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in Danish children appears to be largely due to changes in reporting practices, according to a study...



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Computer game could help visually-impaired children live independently

from MNTpaeds - 03 Nov 14

Researchers are to begin testing a new computer game which they hope could hold the key to helping visually-impaired children lead independent lives.



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Air pollution link between childhood leukemia and power lines being questioned

from MNTpaeds - 03 Nov 14

Researchers from the UK have called into question a theory suggesting that a previously reported risk of leukaemia among children born close to overhead power lines could be caused by an alteration...



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Associations of Tobacco Control Policies With Birth Outcomes

from ArchPedi - 03 Nov 14

ImportanceIt is unclear whether the benefits of tobacco control policies extend to pregnant women and infants, especially among racial/ethnic minority and low socioeconomic populations that are at highest risk for adverse birth outcomes.ObjectiveTo examine the associations of state cigarette taxes and the enactment of smoke-free legislation with US birth outcomes according to maternal race/ethnicity and education.Design, Setting, and ParticipantsUsing a quasi-experimental approach, we analyzed r



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Folic Acid Supplements During Pregnancy and Child Psychomotor Development After the First Year of Life

from ArchPedi - 03 Nov 14

ImportanceFolate intake during pregnancy has been associated with improved neuropsychological development in children, although the effects of high dosages of folic acid (FA) supplements are unclear.ObjectiveTo examine the association between the use of high dosages of FA supplements during pregnancy and child neuropsychological development after the first year of life.Design, Setting, and PatientsThe multicenter prospective mother-child cohort Infancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project recruited



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Young bikers in states with universal helmet laws 'less likely to sustain TBI'

from MNTpaeds - 02 Nov 14

Young motorcyclists living in states with mandatory helmet use are less likely to sustain traumatic brain injury than those in states with age-limited helmet laws, a study finds.



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Alarming findings of severe food insecurity and chronic child malnourishment facing Maasai of Tanzania

from MNTpaeds - 01 Nov 14

In the first in-depth study of its kind of the Maasai people of Tanzania, research led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine has revealed that the health of Maasai children is very poor...



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Highly contagious measles exposes gaps in vaccination

from MNTpaeds - 01 Nov 14

Doctors and public health authorities need to renew their attention to measles, researchers from Emory Vaccine Center urge in an editorial in the New England Journal of Medicine.



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Progress against childhood obesity could be threatened by rolling back school nutrition standards

from MNTpaeds - 01 Nov 14

Efforts to roll back current nutritional standards for the National School Lunch Program could jeopardize gains made in the fight against childhood obesity, write the authors of an article that will...



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Predictors of kidney failure found in teenagers

from MNTpaeds - 01 Nov 14

Kidney failure later in life can be predicted based on measurements taken in adolescence, according to a study by Swedish researchers at Orebro University published in the November issue of the...




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The Role of Syndromic Surveillance in Directing the Public Health Response to the Enterovirus D68 Epidemic

from ArchPedi - 01 Nov 14

This Viewpoint discusses how early detection of enterovirus D68 can inform decisions to activate hospital preparedness and emergency response teams and promote proactive community and physician education.



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Global Child Health A Call to Collaborative Action for Academic Health Centers

from ArchPedi - 01 Nov 14

This Viewpoint calls for collaborative action in order for academic health centers to improve global child health.



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Social Impact Bonds Behavioral Health Opportunities

from ArchPedi - 01 Nov 14

The past 2 decades have seen remarkable growth in the development of cost-beneficial, evidence-based programs in pediatric health, behavioral health, youth juvenile justice, and child welfare. Despite the economic and system constraints that have slowed broad dissemination, research-proven approaches have exceptional potential to improve population-level well-being while simultaneously protecting society from the burdensome costs of failing to treat the problems they target.



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Pediatric Pain Management and Opioids The Baby and the Bathwater

from ArchPedi - 01 Nov 14

In the past 30 years, a major shift has occurred in the way that pediatric pain is conceptualized and treated. Although pain management was widely viewed as inadequate in adults in the 1970s, the classic report by Eland and Anderson documented that children’s pain management was far worse, with an almost total disregard of procedural and postoperative pain. The emerging recognition that, in addition to being inhumane, inadequate pain treatment had short- and long-term negative consequences in ch



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Morningtown

from ArchPedi - 01 Nov 14

I love working nights. I’m a pediatrician at a county hospital, and it’s a great job. The work is interesting, and the daytime hassles seem distant (even hospital administrators sleep sometimes!). I love spending the day with my kids; then, just as their activities and their activity levels are winding down, I hand them off and off I go.



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Insulin Therapy for the Management of Diabetic Ketoacidosis Time for a Paradigm Shift?

from ArchPedi - 01 Nov 14

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and cerebral edema are major causes of morbidity and mortality in children with diabetes mellitus. Despite greater awareness and reports of earlier detection, approximately one-third of US children with new-onset diabetes at the time of diagnosis present with DKA, which is defined by the presence of hyperglycemia (blood glucose [BG] level >200 mg/dL [to convert to millimoles per liter, multiply by 0.0555]), a venous pH less than 7.3 or a bicarbonate level less than 15



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The Role of Families in Preventing and Buffering the Effects of Bullying

from ArchPedi - 01 Nov 14

Bullying is a significant public health concern that has garnered considerable attention by the media, policy makers, educators, parents, and researchers. In some ways, its increased visibility has followed a similar trajectory to the issue of child maltreatment, whereby research on short- and long-term impacts of maltreatment, high-profile case examples, and court cases came to the attention of the media, which in turn led policy makers to pass legislation related to identification and reportin



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Uncovering Reservoirs of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Children Contaminating Households or Households Contaminating Children?

from ArchPedi - 01 Nov 14

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) emerged in the late 1980s and is a leading cause of skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) in the United States. Unlike hospital-associated MRSA strains, community-associated MRSA strains, commonly designated USA300 by use of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, initially were found in children without health care exposure. These strains of community-associated MRSA now cause infections in community and hospital settings. Recent data from the Cent



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Vitamin A Shortage and Risk of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

from ArchPedi - 01 Nov 14

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is the most common serious pulmonary morbidity in premature infants. Premature infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia are at increased risk of death, and survivors have life-long morbidities. Despite the increased survival of extremely premature infants, bronchopulmonary dysplasia remains a major morbidity. Approximately 40% of infants born between 22 and 28 weeks’ gestation are diagnosed with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, defined as requiring oxygen supplementation at



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Single vs Multiple Embryo Transfer Comparative Costs and a Call for Change

from ArchPedi - 01 Nov 14

The equivalent efficacy and superior safety of elective single embryo transfer (SET) compared with elective multiple embryo transfer (MET) after in vitro fertilization (IVF) has been established in recent medical literature. The transfer of a single high-quality embryo selected from a larger number of available embryos after IVF does not decrease implantation rates compared with MET and decreases the rate of twins from 30% to between 1% and 2%.


 

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