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Policy statement suggests ways to improve drug safety and efficacy in children

from MNTpaeds - 25 Feb 14

With less than half of medications including specific labeling for children, Kathleen Neville, MD, MS, a physician at Children's Mercy Hospital, recently led an American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) committee in updating the policy with new recommendations guiding the off-label use of drugs in pediatric patients.



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The use of maternal oxygen during labor: clinical opinion published

from MNTpaeds - 25 Feb 14

When a fetal heartbeat pattern becomes irregular during labor, many practitioners give oxygen to the mother. But questions remain whether this oxygen supplementation benefits the fetus or may actually be potentially harmful.



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Cardiac function improved in mice with genetic heart defect

from MNTpaeds - 25 Feb 14

Congenital heart disease is the most common form of birth defect, affecting one out of every 125 babies, according to the National Institutes of Health. Researchers from the University of Missouri recently found success using a drug to treat laboratory mice with one form of congenital heart disease, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy - a weakening of the heart caused by abnormally thick muscle.



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Maternal acetaminophen use 'increases risk of offspring behavioral disorders'

from MNTpaeds - 25 Feb 14

New research suggests that children of mothers who use acetaminophen during pregnancy are much more likely to develop hyperkinetic disorders and behavioral problems associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, compared with children of mothers who do not use the pain-relieving drug during pregnancy.This is according to a study recently published in JAMA Pediatrics.



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Drinking age of 21: review confirms it saves lives

from MNTpaeds - 24 Feb 14

According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, approximately 5,000 US youths under the age of 21 die from unintentional injuries, homicides and suicides related to alcohol consumption every year. But a new review states that if the age-21 drinking law was not in place, these numbers would be even higher.



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Association between high cost of fruits, vegetables and higher body fat in young children

from MNTpaeds - 24 Feb 14

High prices for fresh fruits and vegetables are associated with higher Body Mass Index (BMI) in young children in low- and middle-income households, according to American University researchers in the journal Pediatrics.



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Inherited predisposition to leukemia found in infants

from MNTpaeds - 22 Feb 14

Babies who develop leukemia during the first year of life appear to inherit an unfortunate combination of genetic variations that can make the infants highly susceptible to the disease, according to a new study at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the University of Minnesota.The research is available online in the journal Leukemia.



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Preventing zoonotic feline tularemia by finding influential geospatial factors

from MNTpaeds - 22 Feb 14

Kansas State University epidemiologist is helping cats, pet owners and soldiers stay healthy by studying feline tularemia and the factors that influence its prevalence.



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Crowd-sourced study: 'kids with involved parents become slimmer adults'

from MNTpaeds - 21 Feb 14

One of the first studies to use crowd-sourced information to uncover potential predictors of obesity has suggested that children whose parents are very involved in their young lives are more likely to be slim in adulthood. Results of the study, conducted by researchers at Cornell University in New York, are published in the journal PLOS ONE.



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Two-year study explores youth football injuries

from MNTpaeds - 21 Feb 14

USA Football has released findings from a two-year study to advance player health and safety in organized youth tackle football.USA Football, the sport's national governing body, commissioned its Youth Football Player Safety Surveillance Study in February 2012 with Indianapolis-based Datalys Center for Sports Injury Research and Prevention.



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Genetic profiles obtained from nasal passages could guide individualized asthma therapy and research

from MNTpaeds - 21 Feb 14

It has become increasingly clear in recent years that asthma comes in several variations, with different causes, different pathologies and different responses to therapy. These subtypes of asthma can be identified by knowing which genes are expressed at higher and lower levels in patients' airways.



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Zebrafish neuron research may improve understanding of birth defects like spina bifida

from MNTpaeds - 21 Feb 14

The zebrafish, a tropical freshwater fish similar to a minnow and native to the southeastern Himalayan region, is well established as a key tool for researchers studying human diseases, including brain disorders. Using zebrafish, scientists can determine how individual neurons develop, mature and support basic functions like breathing, swallowing and jaw movement.



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Healthy lunchbox challenge helps influence healthy eating habits in children

from MNTpaeds - 20 Feb 14

During the school year, 21 million children receive free or reduced-price lunches, yet less than 10% of those children participate in the Department of Agriculture's Summer Food Service Program. This discrepancy places responsibility for food choices during the summer on parents.



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European study reinforces importance of eating breakfast for children's health

from MNTpaeds - 20 Feb 14

The message that 'breakfast is the most important meal of the day' is familiar to many of us. And now a European study of Cypriot children has revealed that choosing the right kind of breakfast each morning can have a direct impact on their weight and overall health.



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Obesity prevention in pediatrics is focus of two studies

from MNTpaeds - 18 Feb 14

Infants with a heartier appetite grew more rapidly up to age 15 months, which may be an increased risk for obesity, in a study of twins by Cornelia H.M. van Jaarsveld, Ph.D., of University College London, England, and colleagues.



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"It takes a village" - Community-based methods for improving maternal and newborn health

from MNTpaeds - 18 Feb 14

A series of studies are published in a special supplement that presents results of the Maternal and Newborn Health in Ethiopia Partnership - a three-year pilot program funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation with the goal of improving the health of Ethiopian mothers and their newborns.



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Nystagmus - Expert warns children with disabling sight problem 'being written off', UK

from MNTpaeds - 18 Feb 14

A leading eye specialist has warned thousands of children with a disabling sight disorder are being "written off". Jay Self, a consultant paediatric ophthalmologist at Southampton Children's Hospital, said simple interventions used to improve the lives of patients with nystagmus continued to be overlooked.



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Vaccination decisions and the spread of disease strongly influenced by social norms

from MNTpaeds - 18 Feb 14

Our response to societal pressures about vaccination has a direct effect on the spread of pediatric infectious diseases in areas where inoculation is not mandatory, says new research published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B.



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Human lungs successfully grown in a lab for the first time

from MNTcf - 17 Feb 14

Scientists at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston have succeeded in growing human lungs in the laboratory, using components from the lungs of deceased children.Stem cell specialists have been working on growing lung tissue for some years, but the lung is a complex organ, which presents more problems than regenerating other organ tissue, such as human skin.



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From music to medicine

from MNTpaeds - 17 Feb 14

"If you had asked me six years ago, I would never have guessed that the video analysis system could be used in this way," says Alexander Refsum Jensenius, Head of Department at the Department of Musicology, University of Oslo.Some years ago, Jensenius developed a tool for measuring how we - professional musicians as well as ordinary folk - move to music.



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Passive smoking impairs children's responses to asthma treatment

from MNTpaeds - 17 Feb 14

Children exposed to cigarette smoke at home have lower levels of an enzyme that helps them respond to asthma treatment, a study has found.Passive smoking is known to worsen asthma symptoms in children and impair their response to inhaled steroid treatment, but how this effect occurs was not known.



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Mother and baby benefit from intensive dialysis for pregnant women with kidney failure

from MNTpaeds - 17 Feb 14

Intensive dialysis treatments in pregnant women with kidney failure lead to a higher proportion of live births than standard dialysis care, according to a study appearing in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN).



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Action video games may help people with dyslexia learn to read

from MNTpaeds - 17 Feb 14

In addition to their trouble with reading, people with dyslexia also have greater difficulty than typical readers do when it comes to managing competing sensory cues, according to a study reported in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication. The findings suggest that action video games might improve literacy skills in those with dyslexia, which represent five to ten percent of the population.



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The immune system in the lungs is different and vulnerable in newborns

from MNTpaeds - 17 Feb 14

Newborns are more susceptible to infections, presumably because of their immature and inexperienced immune systems. The most common dangerous condition in newborns and infants are lower respiratory tract infections caused by viruses, especially respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).



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Industrial chemicals 'may cause global neurodevelopmental epidemic'

from MNTpaeds - 15 Feb 14

A new review published in The Lancet Neurology stresses the importance of a global overhaul of regulations regarding industrial chemicals, as experts warn that child exposure to such toxins could be causing a "silent epidemic" of brain development disorders worldwide.According to Dr. Phillippe Grandjean, of the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, MA, and Dr.


 

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