• Find us on Facebook
  • Follow BMJ OnExamination on Twitter

Latest News

Like this article?

Click vote now



0

Targeting Housing Mobility Vouchers to Help Families With Children

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

In its recent call to action, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s Commission to Build a Healthier America noted that nearly one-fifth of all Americans live in unhealthy neighborhoods that are marked by limited job opportunities, low-quality housing, pollution, limited access to healthy food, and few opportunities for physical activity, and that nearly half of black children live in unhealthy areas of concentrated poverty.



0

The Patient Rotation

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

A prolonged vibration followed by 3 piercing beeps from the pediatric gastroenterology service pager informed me that my first admission of intern year had arrived. As I scrambled down the corridor to the emergency department, I flashed back to my most recent emergency department experience, 6 months earlier. I had completed the last of my required clinical rotations as a medical student and celebrated Christmas at my parents’ home when my taken-for-granted life abruptly came to a halt. After di



0

Autism Moving Toward an Innovation and Investment Mindset

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

Buescher and colleagues have broken new ground in their article “Costs of Autism Spectrum Disorders in the United Kingdom and the United States” by comparing costs for children vs adults, by estimating costs by sector, and by comparing estimates across countries. This accomplishment is especially remarkable given the challenge presented by a profound lack of infrastructure for routinely monitoring costs and outcomes in people with autism spectrum disorders. We wish to reflect further on the conc



0

Beneficial or Neutral Effect of Breastfeeding on Cognitive Outcomes in Children of Mothers With Epilepsy?

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

The latest report from the Neurodevelopmental Effects of Antiepileptic Drugs (NEAD) study group on the association of breastfeeding with cognitive outcomes in children born to mothers with epilepsy taking antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) is fascinating. The investigators assessed the IQ in children aged 6 years who had been exposed to AEDs in utero and used linear regression as the primary analysis. The analysis included adjustment for other known influences on IQ outcomes reported by these investigat




0

Increasing Safe Teenaged Driving Time to Integrate the Growing Evidence Base

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

Road traffic crashes, among the top 10 leading causes of death worldwide, are increasingly recognized as a public health priority. Regardless of a country’s licensing policies, novice drivers are at increased risk for crashes. In the United States, which allows driving at a relatively young age (14-16 years), motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for teenagers. With increasing awareness of the high motor vehicle crash rates among newly licensed teenaged drivers have come intervent



0

Call for Papers on Implementation Science in Pediatric Health Care

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

No one needs a reminder of the cost to taxpayers and consumers for health care each year, both here in the United States and abroad. Legislators and taxpayers are also concerned about the return on investment in health care research, and whether this investment is furthering or even hindering the effort to achieve 3 objectives that are frequently in conflict with each other: improving quality, access, and cost-effectiveness.



0

The Prevalence of Confirmed Maltreatment Among US Children, 2004 to 2011

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

ImportanceChild maltreatment is a risk factor for poor health throughout the life course. Existing estimates of the proportion of the US population maltreated during childhood are based on retrospective self-reports. Records of officially confirmed maltreatment have been used to produce annual rather than cumulative counts of maltreated individuals.ObjectiveTo estimate the proportion of US children with a report of maltreatment (abuse or neglect) that was indicated or substantiated by Child Prot



0

Bullying and Weapon Carrying A Meta-analysis

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

ImportanceStudies suggest that adolescents involved in bullying are more likely to carry weapons than their uninvolved peers.ObjectiveTo use meta-analyses to determine whether victims, bullies, and bully-victims are more likely to carry weapons than uninvolved peers.Data SourcesPsycINFO, ERIC, MEDLINE, LILACS, EMBASE, and Dissertation Abstracts International were searched for relevant publications (1950 through January 2014). The reference list of a review article and reference lists of retrieve



0

Costs of Autism Spectrum Disorders in the United Kingdom and the United States

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

ImportanceThe economic effect of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) on individuals with the disorder, their families, and society as a whole is poorly understood and has not been updated in light of recent findings.ObjectiveTo update estimates of age-specific, direct, indirect, and lifetime societal economic costs, including new findings on indirect costs, such as individual and parental productivity costs, associated with ASDs.Design, Setting, and ParticipantsA literature review was conducted of



0

Breastfeeding in Children of Women Taking Antiepileptic Drugs Cognitive Outcomes at Age 6 Years

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

ImportanceBreastfeeding is known to have beneficial effects, but concern exists that breastfeeding during maternal antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy may be harmful. We previously noted no adverse effects of breastfeeding associated with AED use on IQ at age 3 years, but IQ at age 6 years is more predictive of school performance and adult abilities.ObjectivesTo examine the effects of AED exposure via breastfeeding on cognitive functions at age 6 years.Design, Setting, and ParticipantsProspective o



0

Blood Lead Concentrations and Children’s Behavioral and Emotional Problems A Cohort Study

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

ImportanceThe association between lead exposure and children’s IQ has been well studied, but few studies have examined the effects of blood lead concentrations on children’s behavior.ObjectiveTo evaluate the association between blood lead concentrations and behavioral problems in a community sample of Chinese preschool children with a mean blood lead concentration of less than 10 µg/dL.Design, Setting, and ParticipantsA prospective cohort study was conducted at 4 preschools in Jintan, Jiangsu pr



0

Surgery and Neurodevelopmental Outcome of Very Low-Birth-Weight Infants

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

ImportanceReduced death and neurodevelopmental impairment among infants is a goal of perinatal medicine.ObjectiveTo assess the association between surgery during the initial hospitalization and death or neurodevelopmental impairment of very low-birth-weight infants.Design, Setting, and ParticipantsA retrospective cohort analysis was conducted of patients enrolled in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network Generic Database from 1998 through 2009 and



0

Microbial Exposure in Infancy and Subsequent Appearance of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus–Associated Autoantibodies A Cohort Study

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

ImportanceThe role of microbial exposure during early life in the development of type 1 diabetes mellitus is unclear.ObjectiveTo investigate whether animal contact and other microbial exposures during infancy are associated with the development of preclinical and clinical type 1 diabetes.Design, Setting, and ParticipantsA birth cohort of children with HLA antigen–DQB1–conferred susceptibility to type 1 diabetes was examined. Participants included 3143 consecutively born children at 2 hospitals i



0

Effect of the Teen Driving Plan on the Driving Performance of Teenagers Before Licensure A Randomized Clinical Trial

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

ImportanceMany studies have failed to show an effect of parent-supervised practice driving on the driving performance of teenagers; nevertheless, most Graduated Driver Licensing programs have provisions that require supervised practice.ObjectiveTo determine whether a web-based intervention, the Teen Driving Plan (TDP), can improve the driving performance of teenagers before licensure as measured by the Teen On-road Driving Assessment (tODA).Design, Setting, and ParticipantsRandomized, single-bli




0

Youth Tobacco Use and Electronic Cigarettes

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

To the Editor In their study, Dutra and Glantz reported the results of a cross-sectional sample of adolescents interviewed in 2011 and 2012 in the National Youth Tobacco Survey and concluded that electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use does not discourage and may encourage conventional cigarette use among US adolescents.



0

Youth Tobacco Use and Electronic Cigarettes

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

To the Editor The article by Dutra and Glantz focused on electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) as an emerging tobacco product among youth and explored the relationship between e-cigarette trials and established smoking. Despite the significance of their findings, the study explored e-cigarette use in a vacuum and did not recognize that youth tobacco-use behaviors are complex and experimentation with multiple tobacco products is common. As noted in the 2012 Surgeon General’s report on youth, concu



0

Youth Tobacco Use and Electronic Cigarettes—Reply

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

In Reply While our analysis of the National Youth Tobacco Survey focused on electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), we agree with Delnevo et al that e-cigarettes are not the only alternative nicotine product youth are using, either alone or with cigarettes. The Delnevo et al finding that e-cigarettes remained significantly associated with cigarette smoking even after adjusting for use of other tobacco products indicates that the relationship between e-cigarette use and smoking holds true even afte



0

Sexuality Talk Still a Great Dilemma in Many Countries

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

To the Editor We read with the great interest the editorial by Boeckeloo in JAMA Pediatrics. This editorial addressed the low frequency of physicians’ discussions with adolescents about issues around sexuality and related topics in primary care based on the study by Alexander et al, which is probably the first study of sexuality talk between physicians and adolescents documented by direct observation.



0

Prophylactic Use of a Probiotic in the Prevention of Colic

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

To the Editor In their study, Indrio et al argued that prophylactic use of L reuteri during the first 3 months of life reduced not only the onset of functional gastrointestinal disorders but also the associated private and public management costs. Their study was a placebo-controlled trial. They used oil as placebo; however, the type of the oil used was not mentioned. Oils can change gut behavior and result in enhanced or decreased colic frequency based on their constituents. Furthermore, matern



0

Prophylactic Use of a Probiotic in the Prevention of Colic, Regurgitation, and Functional Constipation—Reply

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

In Reply We thank Dr Sanaie and colleagues for their interest in our article. Dr Sanaie argues we used a nonmentioned oil as placebo that could have changed the gut behavior and enhanced or decreased the frequency of infantile colic, regurgitation, and functional constipation. However, we adopted a mentioned pharmaceutical oily suspension of sunflower and medium-chain triglyceride oil containing probiotic bacteria in the intervention group and an equal oily suspension without probiotic bacteria



0

Regarding Review of Psychopathology in Children and Adolescents Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

from ArchPedi - 01 Aug 14

To the Editor Theunissen and colleagues undertook a challenging task in their review of literature examining psychopathology in children and adolescents who are deaf or hard of hearing. The Results section of their review spoke to the complex role that language modality (eg, spoken compared with sign language) plays regarding the prevalence of psychopathology.


 

167 items Page 1 of 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 >>

    Search

    Categories

    Keyword cloud

    Abstract Aug back blood body brain breast cardiac cardiovascular change chronic Coupons depression diabetes dog Ebola gene genetic great pain participants protein reviews screening supplied

    Top news voters


    © 2014 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd . All rights reserved.